340909 Ontario Ltd. v. Huron Steel
Products (Windsor) Inc.
340909 Ontario Ltd. v. Huron Steel Products (Windsor)
Inc. and Huron Steel Products
 O.J. No. 1694
10 O.R. (3d) 95
Action No. C 10611
Court of Appeal for Ontario,
Tarnopolsky, Finlayson and Arbour JJ.A.
August 19, 1992
[Editor's note: This case was originally noted at 9 O.R.
(3d) 305n and is herin contained in full.]
Raymond G. Colautti, for appellants.
David S. Wilson and Robert A.J. Muir, for respondent.
1 THE COURT (orally):--It was conceded in argument that we should not disturb the finding of the trial judge that the operation of the respondents' factory constituted a nuisance in law. Further, there was no issue taken with the finding that the operations complained of "have caused and continue to cause an unreasonable interference with the plaintiff's use and enjoyment of its property". The submissions in argument by counsel for the appellants were restricted to the contention that there was no evidence, or at least no admissible evidence, to support the damage award. More specifically, it was submitted that the nuisance could not be causally related to the increased vacancy rate suffered by the respondent's apartment building and accordingly the trial judge was not justified in making an award for loss of rental income for the period 1980 to 1988 and, additionally, an award for diminution of the market value of the building.
2 In our opinion, all of the evidence on the record was admissible, albeit some of it for limited purposes. We agree that the evidence of the tenant survey and individual letters of complaint could not be used for the truth of their contents, but there is nothing in the very full reasons of the trial judge that indicates that he treated them as anything more than evidence that there were complaints from some tenants with respect to the noise and vibration from the factory. They were not used as a basis for a finding that there was a nuisance or that specific tenants had vacated the premises because of these conditions.
3 There was ample evidence to support the trial judge's findings that some responsibility for the lower than average occupancy rate at the apartment building was attributable to the nuisance which had been independently established in evidence. The trial judge's quantification of these damages is supported by expert testimony. We also find no merit in the submission that there was an element of double recovery in assessing an amount for lost income for the period 1980 to 1988 and a further figure to compensate for the loss in market value of the property as of the date of trial.
4 Accordingly, the appeal is dismissed with costs. The cross- appeal is dismissed as abandoned.